EDA And Disaster Recovery
EDA has a long history of successfully supporting disaster recovery and resiliency efforts. EDA's role in disaster recovery is to facilitate the timely and effective delivery of Federal economic development assistance to support long-term community economic recovery planning and project implementation, redevelopment and resiliency. EDA is uniquely positioned to coordinate regional disaster recovery efforts in partnership with its extensive network of Economic Development Districts (EDDs), University Centers, institutions of higher education and other partners in designated impact areas. EDA has published the FY19 Disaster Supplemental Notice of Funding Opportunity making $587 available to eligible grantees serving communities with a Presidentially declared major disaster in 2018, and Floods and Tornadoes in 2019. Funding to eligible parties for 2017 Presidentially Declared Disasters is also available. Information about major disaster declarations can be found on the FEMA website.
Economic Recovery Support Function
Executed in March 2011, Presidential Policy Directive (PPD)-8: National Preparedness directs all federal government departments and agencies to collaboratively design and implement “a systematic effort to keep the nation safe from harm and resilient when struck by hazards, such as natural disasters, acts of terrorism and pandemics.”
Under the direction of PPD-8, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) established the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) to facilitate coordinated interagency capacities across all disaster-related mission areas: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery.
The NDRF established six Recovery Support Functions (RSF) to facilitate interagency and intergovernmental “problem solving, improve access to resources, and foster coordination among State and Federal agencies, nongovernmental partners and stakeholders.” Each RSF is led by a Coordinating Agency, with direct assistance from primary and support agencies to execute the RSF mission. The 6 RSFs include:
- Community Planning and Capacity Building (PDF)
- Economic (PDF)
- Health and Social Services (PDF)
- Housing (PDF)
- Infrastructure Systems (PDF)
- Natural and Cultural Resources (PDF)
Each RSF is led by a Coordinating Agency, with direct assistance from primary and support agencies to execute the RSF mission. EDA serves as the Coordinating Agency for the Economic Recovery Support Function (RSF) on behalf of the Department of Commerce (DOC). In this capacity, EDA provides leadership, coordination and oversight for primary and support agencies, all of which share a role in the provision of grants, loans, training and other forms of assistance to support economic recovery efforts in disaster-impacted communities and regions.
Post-Disaster Economic Recovery Resources
The post-disaster economic recovery environment can be exceptionally challenging. EDA has captured the following resources that may be useful for disaster recovery managers both in preparation for and in response to catastrophic disaster scenarios.
EDA-Supported Disaster Recovery Tools
EDA partnered with the International Economic Development Council (IEDC) to produce a suite of economic recovery informational tools, which can be found at RestoreYourEconomy.org. Examples include:
- Leadership in Times of Crisis toolkit for resources and information, as well as links to recovery information.
- A webinar recording on prioritizing economic recovery after a major disaster features efforts after the Joplin tornado and Jefferson Parish’s recovery from Katrina.
- A webinar recording on securing capital for recovery and redevelopment is available for listening on RestoreYourEconomy.org.
- A webinar recording on building organizational capacity in rural areas features economic recovery efforts in communities impacted by Hurricane Katrina, the BP oil spill, and an EF-3 tornado.
EDA Disaster Resilience and Recovery Reports
- Economic Recovery Support Function Field Operations Manual, FEMA (in close collaboration with EDA), March 2019. This practical guide details the inner workings of interagency disaster recovery and tips for deployed personnel.
- The Hurricane Harvey Long-Term Economic Recovery Workshops Report, April-June, 2018 (PDF)
- Economic Resiliency Review for Colorado Following the Sept. 2013 Floods (PDF)
- Economic Resilience Strategy Report for Oklahoma Following the May 2013 Tornadoes (PDF)
Industry Sector-Specific Considerations
- Biotechnology, Pharmaceuticals, and Life Sciences (PDF)
- Advanced Manufacturing (PDF)
- Health Care (PDF)
- Financial Services (PDF)
- Leisure, Hospitality, and Retail Services (PDF)
- Information Technology (PDF)
- Transportation, Logistics, and Distribution (PDF)
Economic Data Tools and Resources
- How to Prepare for Natural Disasters: A Pre-Disaster Toolkit for Small- to Medium-Size Communities (Urban Waters Learning Network)
- U.S. Cluster Mapping Data Tools (PDF)
- EDA Stats America: Data and analysis tools to support regional competitiveness in a knowledge-based economy (PDF)
- Community Resilience Economic Decision Support Guide (EDG), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
- Regional Resilience Toolkit: 5 Steps to Build Large Scale Resilience to Natural Disasters, USEPA, FEMA, Association of Bay Area Governments, July 2019.
- The National Mitigation Framework – focused on resilience and reducing disaster risk
- FEMA Disaster Recovery Toolkits and Resource Guides
- Regional Resilience Report: National Association of Development Organizations (NADO), April 2012 (PDF)